Readers of the Atlanta Federal Criminal Defense Law Blog may have become familiar with the terms "fraud," "embezzlement" and "identity theft." However, they may not know that all these crimes, including a variety of other ones, all fall broadly under the head of "white collar crimes." White collar crimes are typically motivated by financial gain and involve crimes that are committed through deceit. Many of the common crimes touched upon on in this blog are encompassed by this term.
Fraud, the crime of deceiving someone for monetary gain, is perhaps the most common type of white collar crimes, but even fraud has many different categories, including securities fraud, mortgage fraud and insurance fraud. If an executive knows some confidential information about the company he works and takes advantage of this knowledge, like selling his stock, he may be guilty of insider trading, a type of securities fraud. If someone lies on their insurance application for the purpose of illegally collecting on an insurance policy, this may be considered insurance fraud.